Whenever there is a combination of two or more different elements to form a molecule which has its own characteristic individual properties we term it as a compound. A compound can be divided in to its individual components to show the nature of bonding.
In inorganic compounds there are mostly cations and anions due to their electrovalent or ionic bondage. The organic compounds bonded in covalent bond always split in to units with an unshared electron. Such a part of the molecule is called free radical. When the bond is polar covalent the split depends on the polarity of the shared pair of electrons. In such cases the cation and anions are formed.
When the split is covalent and free radical is the product then the free radical with the carbon or carbon chain is called an alkyl free radical and the group is called the alkyl group. If the split is ionic then the carbon containing ion is either carbocation or carbanion. In this topic we will be discussing the alkyl free radicals and alkyl groups in some detail.
|Factor by Grouping|
When two -CH3 branches are present at the end of the chain the alkyl group in designated as neo alkyl group. This is the alkyl group in which the second last carbon atom in the chain is branched to two -CH3 groups.
The prefix 'tert'- before the name of the alkyl group indicates that the H-atom has been removed from a tertiary carbon atom.
Formation of alkyl groups is shown below.
|More topics in Alkyl Groups|
|Naming Alkyl Halides||Alkyl Halides|
|Alkyl Chloride||Carbonyl Group|
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