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Electrolyte Supplements

We know that a solution is composed of solvent and solute. Here solvent is in more amount whereas solute is in less amount. Solutions with liquid solvents are quite common such as sodium chloride with water. Ionic compounds dissolve in polar solvents such as water whereas covalent compounds usually dissolve in non-polar solvents such as benzene or carbon tetrachloride. The ionic compounds consist of ions which have opposite charges and are bonded with each other with electrostatic force of attractions. As ionic compounds dissolve in water or any other polar solvent, they dissociate into their respective ions.

For example; when sodium chloride dissolve in water, each molecule of sodium chloride dissociates into sodium ion and chloride ion. Each sodium ion will surround by negative part of water molecules that is oxygen atom as there is positive charge over sodium ion. Similarly chloride ions are surrounded by positive side of water molecules. This process is called as hydration and the energy involve in this process is called as hydration energy. Overall we can say that hydration process leads to the formation of ions in solvent of an ionic compound. Many of the ionic compounds are present in our body fluid which provide many ions to our body such as sodium ions, potassium ions etc. We know that ions are good conductor of heat and electricity therefore the solutions which contain ions and can conduct electricity are known as electrolytes. Electrolytes are essential for our body as they play an important role in many of the metabolic activities.

 

Electrolyte Supplements for Dehydration

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Supplements are used to provide essential nutrients to our body. Electrolytes are electrically-charged minerals which are essential for many functions in the body. They are lost through sweating therefore we need them in proper amount. Electrolyte supplements are used to replace the needed balance. They are available in different forms. Dehydration or diarrhea and vomiting are because of excess lose of electrolytes such as potassium and sodium from our body.

Electrolyte supplements helps to prevent or treat the loss of body water and recover the normal functioning of the body. Oral suspensions of electrolyte supplements are very common which can be taken by mouth as directed by your doctor. Some of the liquid electrolyte supplements are also available in market. Electrolyte supplements are also helpful in stomach pain, blood in the stool, vomiting, high fever, decreased urination, seizures etc. Electrolyte supplements are mainly used to replace fluids and minerals like sodium, potassium which lost due to diarrhea and vomiting.

Best electrolyte Supplements

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Electrolyte supplements are used to correct imbalances the level of electrolytes in body fluid. Electrolytes dissociate into ions into respective ions; cation and anions. These oppositely charged ions dissolve and conduct electricity.

Electrolytes involve in many biological activities such as muscle contraction and expansion, transmission of nerveimpulses, delivery of oxygen to body tissues, heart rate and rhythm and acid-base balance. We know that positively charged ions are called as cation and negatively charged ions are called as anions. Sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium are most common cations in body fluid. Similarly carbonate, chloride, phosphate and sulphate ions are anions which commonly distributed in our body. Some common electrolyte supplements are listed below;
  • Hammer HEED Sports Energy Drink
  • Saltstick Electrolyte Capsules
  • Endure Performance Electrolyte Drops  or LyteShow
  • Gerolsteiner Sparkling Mineral Water
  • Vega Sport Electrolyte Hydrator  or Ultima Replenisher
  • Gatorade
  • Powerade
  • PediaLyte
  • Vitaminwater
  • Lucozade
  • Accelerade
  • Cytomax
  • NUUN Active Hydration

Water With Electrolytes

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In an adult male, around 60% of total body weight is water. Similarly in women, around 55% of body weight is water. In this body water, around $2/3^{rd}$ of body water is lies inside cells. This body water is called as intracellular fluid or ICF. Remaining body water lies outside the cells and is called extracellular fluid. The extracellular fluid of ECF is mainly found in connective tissue. It is also present in between tissues outside the blood vessels. Both extracellular fluid and intracellular fluid contain different amount of electrolytes.

Potassium ions are mainly found in intracellular fluid whereas sodium ions are present in extracellular fluid of total body water. The level of electrolytes is different in both types of fluids which regulates the movement of water between ICF and ECF. The imbalance in electrolyte level of body water mainly effect in children because they have different ratios of total body water. The total body water ratio in a newborn baby is in between 75 and 80%. Electrolyte supplements restore the proper ratio of total body water to total body weight and maintain the correct proportions of the various electrolytes in body fluids. Kidneys regulate the body water and electrolyte content of body fluid with the help of antidiuretic hormone and the sensation of thirst. An average adult needs 700-800 mL of water per day.
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