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Food Chemistry

The food contamination by hazardous chemical is a universal health concern and is a most important cause of every problem globally. The occurrence of contamination is through several environmental pollution or through the intended use of different chemicals, such as pesticides, animal drugs and other agrochemicals.

While in 1976, the WHO (World Health Organization) implement the Global Environment Monitoring System - Food Contamination Monitoring and Assessment Programme (GEMS/Food), which has educated governments, the Codex Alimentarius Commission and other related institutions, as well as the public, on levels and trend of contaminants in food, their part to total individual exposure, and implication with regard to public health and trade.

Food additives and contaminants resultant from food mechanized and dispensation can also harmfully affect health.

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Chemicals in Food

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A wide range of activities have been developed to estimate the security of food components. The International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) has developed this type of safety measures.

These actions provide the secretariats and technical advice to the Joint authority on Food Additives (JECFA) and the Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR) and carried out worldwide risk assessment of chemical anxiety such as acryl amide, formed as a derivative of food processing and cooking.

For the estimation of chemicals in food, as with other chemicals evaluation work, the development, organization and use of globally established, systematically sound and translucent principles and method is essentially important.

List of Chemicals in Foods

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1. Food Chemicals

Acetic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, meleic acid, gems powder, sorbitol, propyl glycol, calcium propionate, bakery chemicals, flavoring chemicals, potassium meta bisulphate, menthol, peppermint, thymol ammonium bicarbonate, ammonium carbonate, pectin, sodium benzoate, butyrate, hydroxyl, anisole, etc.

2. General Chemicals in foods

Caustic soda flakes, caustic potash, sodium nitrate, sodium nitrite, sodium sulphate, sodium bicarbonate, soda ash, calcium carbonate, calcium sulphate, zinc sulphate, zinc oxide, hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid

3. Industrial Chemicals

Caustic soda flakes, potash flakes, nitrate, sodium nitrite, sodium sulphate, sodium bicarbonate, soda ash, calcium carbonate, calcium sulphate, zinc sulphate, zinc oxide, hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, toluene, phenol, benzene, cyclohexane, carbon tetra chloride, methyl dichloride.

Chemicals used in Paints and Inks: Rosin, turpentine, pine oil, mineral turpentine oil, ethyl silicate, phenol, butyl acetate, ethyl acetate, methanol, propyl glycol and titanium oxide

4. Chemicals used as Disinfectant


Chlorohexadine, chloramines, benzalkonium chloride, Lysol, sodium benzoate, potassium permanganate, alum, hydrogen peroxide, mouth cleaning chemicals, ethanol and ISO propyl alcohol.

5. Solvent chemicals

Toluene, benzene, phenol, hexane, heptanes, industrial solvent base oil, rubber process oil, M.E.K., M.I.B.K.

6. Dental Chemicals

The dental chemicals as follows compound of Fluorine, mercury, meleic acid, benzalkonium chloride tartaric acid and calcium sulphate

7. Leather Chemicals

The leather chemicals as follows sodium nitrate, softener, resorcinol, sodium benzoate and basic color

8. Water Treatment Chemicals

Alum, poly aluminum chloride, polyelectrolite, sodium hexameta phosphate, disodium phosphate, potassium permanganate, lime powder, sodium hypochlorite, bleaching.

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